Floral Elements

These elements appear in most Knotted Rugs made by nomads, it almost does not change, because for millennia. The varied designs that we showed in the pictures indicate the origin and often to the age of the specimens, indicating the characteristics of a particular group of rugs.

Geometric motifs Very Used

• Zigzag or gal saw: it is often found in parts of the Caucasus and also received in some parts bound by nomads.

This form represents the water which symbolizes eternity. Inside this reason we have a variation that is glγo siguezague edge.

In China this gal is thoroughly executed.

• Gallon of guys: appears on the carpets of the nomadic people of the Caucasian Black Sea coast. This motif represents rowers.


• Gallon of glass: the Caucasus and has also symbolize time and eternity.

• Gal and ornament in the shape of "T" is especially welcome in parts of the Caucasus, Turkey and the Persian rugs made by nomads. They consist of small transverse stripes in various colors.

• Ornament strange: only appears in Kelim carpets and form a finish off.

• Triangle: find the simplest form of a triangle in rugs made by nomads, they use it as a symbol of Divinity and Mother Earth. The decoration is almost always simple. In parts made by North Africans find more complex ways, combining to form the eaves main laborious. Buddhist region in the triangle means happiness.


• Canto straight and square, often find ornaments in the shape of chess pieces in Turkish coming from the west and Belusdchistan. The drawing is a square divided into four parts and can symbolically represent the Sun

• Swastika: it is assumed that this is the first human symbol, because they were found in all cultural circles. Its oldest form is a swastika, that is formed from the Greek letter gamma (cross hooks). The meaning of this symbol is more certain "happiness", it is used as a greeting among the Brahmins and Buddhists. He is often found in parts from China, sometimes in parts Caucasian, and very rarely in Persian rugs, Turks or Asia Minor. Among the main changes of the swastika cross found the German, who has an incalculable number of differentiations.
The swastika is considered one of the reasons sned masi old and humanity is found in every cultural circle of carpets.
Many variations are found for example: a gallon of key, dog racing, Turkish gallon, gallon deorgiano of Caucasians.

• ornament in the shape of "T" is found in the eaves of Chinese parts of western Turkey and the Caucasus, often forming a "T" double.
• Ornament in the shape of "T" is found in the eaves of Chinese parts of western Turkey and the Caucasus, often forming a "T" double.

• Gallons form an "X" and "Y" are found in Turkish rugs "Tekke"; rugs that have these features are sold to us as if they were Bukhara.

• Reason arrowhead (resembling a "T"): This is why the sign of the divinity of the Chaldeans, and presents in Turkey and the Caucasus.

Turkish • Line: a wavy line is broken, as the name is di zendo, it is typical of Turkish carpets.

• Rooster Glass: The design of this clearly shows why the figure of a stylized glass bowl. It is often found in parts Armenian and Caucasian.

• Form "S": carpets that contain this element originated in ancient times and are still used today. With the exception of parts from China, we find that reason in the whole East with the same shapes left by the ancestors. The ornamentation is done with the repeat motif in a row, this dislocation in the old rugs. This symbol has two meanings: on one side the sun shining, appearing all light and divinity, where they are placed inclined to serve and worship the sun, on the other hand, it is believed that seeing a snake is the symbol of wisdom . The design appears on hooks rugs omamentaηγo Caucasians, Armenians, Turks and Persians. In them we often find the subject of hooks, that leave be part of a swastika.

• Ornaments in the shape of the cross: this omamento appears frequently, but has no religious significance. In some parts Armenian can imagine a religious background. Then come the sake of cross-Jomud mainly in Turkish.

• Star: The star motif is found in carpets from Asia Minor, the Caucasus and Turkey. In Persia it is rare to find this reason and in China much more difficult. The eight-pointed star originated in Chaldea, where the star is seen as a symbol of female divinity of the sun It is now shown as Mohammed-Juwel.
The hexagram is the sign of David, now in Islam it is a real talisman. When we find a bright ornament shaped like a star that we know is the representation of the solar system. He appears in great works, for example, carpets Sumakh Caucasian omamento being designated as "Bola de Sol."

• Diamond: This ornament is spread throughout the East, but it is typical of Turkish carpets Jomud East. Their variations are endless, so we restrict ourselves to the most popular. Beside the smooth diamonds, the diamonds found mixed with hooks and nozzles. The Caucasian diamond is very interesting, featuring Mahi-tuhaus, which means water with fish (Shiraz).

• Medallion stake: it is usually composed of three parts which unite in one pile; the losenge form part of the design. This motif is widely used in Hamadan, Schiraz and Kurdistan.

• Ornament six angles: it is found in all parts Persians. Its form is simple. but can be enhanced with the addition of other ornaments; Jomud Turkish, for example, how this mat is very nice and is being requested

• Octagon, is used in almost all carpets. In Caucasian pelco they dominate much of the central design. Turkish rugs, the central design consists of octagonal figures. The octagon, offspring of the nomadic peoples, who called G'ul (meaning flower), is a particular detail, he is the symbol of the family for these people. The finest of G'ul kings descended from the Turkish-Tekke. We present here the most typical G'ul to be recognized and have their origin confirmed.

• Medallion: among the various ornamental motifs of rugs, this is one of the most beloved of the eastern people. Rugs made by nomads, the medallions are lighter and with primitive geometric shapes. Among the more artistic medallions, we have found that in old Persian carpets and luxurious.
The most important form of medallions is framed by a diamond sawn line. Later we see the medallion arebesco, which is basically a set of two scrolls, one on top and one at the bottom.

• Medallion Turunji: The first medals of this type were divided into four parts and each division appeared an motive fork with tendrils. Later medallions were also employed four leaves, lemon and medallion medallion round.
The medallions round their area is divided into triangles that have one end also rounded like a big party. They may have four, eight or sixteen divisions. Flamed medallion is rarely found; resembles real flame. Medallions round cartridge with star are rare.
Until about the year 1700 arrived luxury carpets containing motifs and medallions, arranged as follows: a main medallion, flanked by two other side. With the entry of Chinese culture began to reach parts of China. Samarkand and Turkey, among the most common reasons we find the medallions round circle and the circle of happiness, the first came in far greater numbers than the rounds of happiness which had hitherto occupied a very important role because it meant long life, life eternal. Then with the development of reason schu the circle of happiness, miraculous changes turned it into spirals, up to the floral-medallion schu in 1800. Another reason is introduced by the Chinese-schu samarkand, which has three parts put on each other.

• Cartridge: it is a reason that appears and disappears from the ornamentation of the medallion. Looking at the eaves we will find in the old Persian rugs luxury these shapes, only much more strained than the other. Cartridges are inserted in the composition and medallions. From 1700 this reason almost completely disappeared. In rugs of Asia Minor and especially the rugs to pieces Seven Bourgeois (Siebenbueger), we can see the transformation of round shapes to angular geometric shapes, especially in Persia.