Gabbeh rugs, sometimes spelled 'Gabbe'
are a traditional variety of Persian carpet. Gabbeh
is pronounced as gava in Kurdish and Luri and is also
called Khersak in Bakhtiari. A Gabbeh a
hand-woven pile rug of coarse quality and medium size
(90 x 150 cm or larger) characterized by an abstract
design that relies upon open fields of color and a
playfulness with geometry. This type of rug is popular
among tribes of the Zagros mountains including Kurdish,
Luri and Qashqai tribes. The Gabbeh is usually
crafted by women.
Gabbeh carpet is much thicker and coarser than
other Persian carpets; sometimes it is as much as one
inch in depth. Gabbeh patterns are of a very
basic kind with only a limited number of decorative,
mostly rectangular objects resembling mainly animals. In
Gabbeh usually bright colors, such as yellow and
red, are used. Although large fields of solid color are
used in Gabbeh designs, the color is variegated (the
color varies throughout the rug).