Hereke is a town in Turkey,
located near Istanbul. It is known for Hereke carpets.
It was bounded to Gebze district until transferring to
Körfez one in 1987 and had municipality until 2009.
Hereke Rugs have a very special place in the
pantheon of Oriental Rugs. Hereke Rugs were made
in the workshops of Sultan, Abdülmecid I for his massive
Dolmabahçe palace on the Bosporus. As such Hereke
represent the highest level of large Turkish carpets
equaled only by the Kum Kapi Rugs which were generally
smaller. The rug production started at the same time as
the construction of the palace which was built from 1843
Hereke designs were not only inspired by the
motifs and compositions of traditional Turkish carpets,
but also by the more elaborate curvilinear motifs of
Persia and Mameluke Egypt. Many designs reflected
contemporary Western European tastes. The Usak medallion
composition, used in Turkish rugs since the 16th
century, was widely used at the Hereke factory.
The intricacy of the designs and the sheer volume of
knots needed made the construction of Hereke rugs
a very lengthy process. The superlative quality of
Hereke carpets was realized by combining the
best carpet making techniques available, thus creating a